How Festival Of Sankranti Is Celebrated Across India?
Makar Sankranti, the first festival of the calendar year, commemorates the first day of the sun's passage into Makara (Capricorn), symbolising the end of the month and the beginning of longer days. This significant event is celebrated in many ways across India, with different rituals in each state.
Here are some of the unique ways that people in various parts of India exhibit their delight at the coming of this auspicious day.
In Assam, Makar Sankranti feasts might be celebrated for up to a week. The festival, known as Magh Bihu, means the end of the harvest season. On the day of the celebration, they play games such as tekeli-bhonga which means pot-breaking. Buffalo fighting is also conducted. Rice cakes, laru, a coconut-based sweet dessert, are popular dishes.
In Tamil Nadu, Makar Sankranti is known as Pongol. The four-day celebration is the most important event here. On this day, enthusiasts worship the sun and cook the Pongal dish, which consists of rice boiled in milk, to commemorate a successful harvest season. The dish is then offered to the lord before being consumed. Lighting bonfires, organising social events, singing and dancing to folklores are some of the other rituals associated with festivals.
This auspicious festival is known as "Uttarayan" in Gujrat. It is kept for two days. Day one is dedicated to kite flying. The event is one of the state's most anticipated days. As the broad blue sky is covered with a variety of kites, popular shouts such as "Kai Po Che" and "E Lapet '' commence the celebration. To honour the festival, Gujarati homes prepare undhiyu and chikkis, a delightful blend of winter vegetables, peanuts, jaggery, and sesame seeds.
Thousands flock to admire the Makara Vilakku when the Makara Jyothi, the celestial star, shines in the sky on Makar Sankranti, which is celebrated in Kerala as Onam. The celebration brings together all of Kerala's colours, culture, and religion. Pookalam flower carpets, boat races, Puli Kali, and the Kaikottikali dance are some of the festival's main highlights. According to legend, Lord Ayyappa Swami appears in the shape of celestial illumination and blesses his worshippers.
The festival is known as Lohri in Punjab. It is a harvest festival associated with the cultivation of winter crops. Bonfires are lit around the state on Lohri night by various societies to practise religion and perform rituals. People perform bhangra while enjoying the delectable Gajak and Rewri traditional dishes. They dance around the bonfire in a circle.
In the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, Makar Sankranti represents the end of winter and the start of sunny days. In Karnataka, it is observed by a tradition known as "Ellu Birodhu," in which ladies exchange "Ellu Bella" (a regional delicacy) with at least ten families. Makar Sankranti is a four-day festival in Andhra Pradesh. The first day is Bhogi, which entails burning old objects in a bonfire while singing and dancing around them.
People in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh start the day of festivals by taking a dip in the sacred Ganges. In Allahabad, a large carnival known as the Magha Mela is held. The celebration sees a variety of foods cooked in local homes, with chuda-dahi and a small amount of gur (jaggery) serving as the traditional breakfast. Tilkut is a Makar Sankranti dessert that is prepared especially for the festival.