These Are 5 Countries In The World With Most Nuclear Warheads
According to a report published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, the total number of active nuclear warheads have decreased globally in early 2019 to 13,865 warheads. While they are 600 less compared to last year, but they are highly sophisticated and therefore potentially can cause an unimaginable destruction, as all nuclear weapon-possessing states continue to modernise their nuclear arsenals.
The threat of nuclear war loomed during the recent Russia-Ukaraine war, let's look at the top 5 nations, with the most number of nuclear warheads.
According to the World Bank data, Pakistan's military expenditure was 18.435% of its general government expenditure in 2019, which is close to 4% of its current GDP, Pakistan is currently ranked fifth with 165 nuclear weapons and has plans to increase its nuclear arsenal to 250 by 2025.
France has been very active in developing nuclear technology since last five decades. As of January 2019, France possessed approximately 290 nuclear warheads, most of which are designed for delivery by submarine-launched ballistic missiles, remainder are affixed to air-launched cruise missiles, that can be carried by strategic bombers fighter jets. France is in fourth place, with 290 nuclear warheads that cost $5.7 billion to produce and maintain in 2022.
In 1964, China conducted its first nuclear weapons test. The quantity of nuclear weapons in China's arsenal is a highly guarded national security secret. The amount of China's arsenal is a topic of debate. According to the Federation of American Scientists, China had 260 total weaponry in 2015, making it the fourth biggest nuclear arsenal among the 5 nuclear weapon countries recognised by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, and 350 total nuclear weapons in 2021, making it the third biggest.
According to the Pentagon, China aims to have 700 deployable nuclear weapons by 2027 and about 1,000 by 2030.
According to a national intelligence notification published by the US State Department on October 5, 2021, the total number of US "active" and "inactive" nuclear weapons as of September 2020 was 3,750. Retired weapons and those undergoing dismantlement are not included in the stockpile figures. As of early 2021, FAS estimates that 1,750 decommissioned warheads are awaiting dismantlement, for a total of 5,550 nuclear weapons.
The US also possesses 100 B-61 nuclear gravity bombs stationed at six NATO stations in five European countries: Büchel in Germany, Aviano and Ghedi in Italy, Volkel in the Netherlands, Incirlik in Turkey, and Kleine Brogel in Belgium,. The entire projected B-61 stockpile in the United States is 230.
Russia is reaching the end of a multi-decade effort to modernise its strategic and non-strategic nuclear forces, replacing Soviet-era warheads with more modern systems. Russia has the world 's biggest stockpile of nuclear weapons, with a total of 6,257 nuke warheads. According to a report published in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, there are over 1,500 deployed weapons, nearly 3,000 in store, and 1760 retired.